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Short Story Seventh Grade By Gary Soto - Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to pump effectively. It is a rapidly fatal medical emergency requiring immediate intervention with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) until further treatment can be provided. Cardiac arrest results in rapid loss of consciousness and can result in abnormal or absent breathing. Hillsborough County Record Availability. In compliance with Chapter of the Florida Statute statutes, Hillsborough County provides the public with government-generated public records, including arrest records, criminal records, sex offender information, vital records, and court records. These records are kept both online and offline, depending on the record custodian. Research papers on criminal procedures often look at case studies of crimes and explain the procedures involved with making an arrest or case. Criminal justice majors often have to write a research paper that studies criminal procedures. Case studies are often dissected in papers to explain the forensic anthropology procedures involved in. Informed Consent In Forensic Psychology

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the patriot-movie - Oct 21,  · 2. Immobilize the suspect. To make the arrest easier, you need to stop the suspect’s movements. You can use many different methods, such as verbal commands or Tasers. Your police force should have a “use of force” policy that lays out what force you . Oct 13,  · More broadly, traditional arguments for arrests cannot justify existing arrest practice. Arrests are usually unnecessary to start the criminal process effectively, to maintain order, to collect evidence, or to deter crime, because in most cases, reasonable, less intrusive, alternative means exist or could exist for achieving these ends. Apr 18,  · Research question examples. Published on April 18, by Shona McCombes. Revised on June 5, The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question before you get started. Harry Davis Case Study

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City Girl Analysis - Jan 29,  · Cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not have been diagnosed with heart disease. It can come on suddenly or in the wake of other symptoms. Cardiac arrest is often fatal if appropriate steps aren’t taken immediately. More than , cardiac arrests occur outside a hospital in the U.S. each year. Arrest consists of three (3) elements: a. Restraint of liberty; b. Intent to make an arrest; c. Comprehension by the detainee they are under arrest. What are the different types of arrest warrants? There are four different types of warrants that give the police force the power to arrest you: First, there’s an arrest warrant. Sep 14,  · police to arrest without a warrant outside of the home So long as the officers have probable cause, they can effectuate an arrest without first having to check with a judge or a prosecutor And, of course, the vast majority of arrests are made without a warrant Only after a warrantless arrest, does the role of the judge formally apply. open book accounting

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Yosemite Valley: El Capitan And Bridal Viel - Sep 01,  · The Canadian Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (CanROC) is a pan-Canadian resuscitation research network aimed at a collaborative approach to research to improve survival from life-threatening illness and injury, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). 19 OHCA is defined as a sudden stop in effective blood circulation due to the heart. educational, advisory, and research services for state and local governments. The School of Government is acid-free paper in compli-ance with the North Carolina General Statutes. The Arrest Warrant and Other Criminal Process 51 Criminal Process 51 Arrest Warrant 51 Paperwork Feb 19,  · There are at least four alleged crimes and one possible civil suit in the case study. The alleged crimes include obstruction of justice, resisting arrest, possession of illegal drugs and a case of domestic violence. The potential civil suit in the case study is that of use of deadly force during arrest. This paper will briefly and concisely. Psychological Approach To Psychology

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Huckleberry Finn Quintessential Analysis - Describe the process the juvenile would follow after arrest—from intake through coat, sentencing. and punishment or rehabilitation from th Call Us: +1 () support@08tent-co-jp.somee.com Apr 16,  · How to write a research question. The process of developing your research question follows several steps: Choose a broad topic; Do some preliminary reading to find out about topical debates and issues; Narrow down a specific niche that you want to focus on; Identify a practical or theoretical research problem that you will address; When you have a clearly-defined problem, you . Nov 30,  · How a Collapsing Scientific Hypothesis Ended in an Arrest. another research group published a paper non-scientists view the corrective process . Halloween And Cosplay Comparison Essay

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Keep Ticks Off Your Dog Essay - Jun 19,  · Further information on experimental design is available in the Nature Research Reporting Summary linked to this paper. to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival: a time to act Process. Arrest to pretrial | Psychology homework help. Read the attached case study “Officer Tim Bronson”; in 1,, wo. 2 research paper MAY What is a Notice to Appear? Before the new Act came into force, police could only start criminal proceedings against adults in one of two ways — arrest and charge or complaint and summons. Now a third, simpler option is available. (i) Arrest and charge. Police can arrest a person, either with or without a warrant malcolm x on martin luther king

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Persuasive Essay: Why People Become Overweight? - The process for choosing a jury is called “voir dire.” During this process the attorneys on both sides ask questions of the potential jurors to make sure the jurors will be fair and impartial. Before the lawyers present evidence and witnesses, both sides have the right to give an opening statement about the case. Accurately diagram the process (40%) Describe in detail three of the stages (40%) Quality of writing (10%) Proper Bluebook or APA citations (10%) Map (diagram) the criminal justice process stages from arrest through final appeal. Map (diagram) the criminal justice process stages from arrest . Cardiac arrest (CA) is a frequent cause of death and a major public health issue. To date, conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the only efficient method of resuscitation available that positively impacts prognosis. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex and costly technique that requires technical expertise. It is not considered standard of care in all. Equality And Valuing Of Diversity

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Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death worldwide. Rapid diagnosis and initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR is the cornerstone of therapy for victims of cardiac arrest. Yet a significant fraction of cardiac arrest victims have no chance of survival because they experience an Arrest Process Research Paper event, often in the privacy of their own homes.

An Arrest Process Research Paper diagnostic element of cardiac arrest is the presence of agonal breathing, an audible biomarker and brainstem reflex that arises in the setting of severe hypoxia. Here, we demonstrate that a support vector machine SVM can classify agonal breathing instances in real-time within a bedroom environment. Using real-world labeled audio of cardiac arrests, we train the SVM to accurately classify agonal breathing instances. We obtain an area under the curve AUC of 0. We achieve a false positive rate between 0 and 0. We also evaluate our classifier in home sleep environments: the false positive rate was 0—0. We prototype our proof-of-concept contactless system using commodity smart devices Amazon Echo and Apple iPhone Arrest Process Research Paper demonstrate its effectiveness in identifying cardiac arrest-associated agonal breathing instances played over the air.

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest OHCA is a leading cause Arrest Process Research Paper death worldwide 1 and in North America accounts for nearlydeaths annually. Agonal breathing indicates a relatively short duration from arrest and has been associated with higher survival rates. In this study, we hypothesized that existing Arrest Process Research Paper devices e. As initial proof-of-concept, we focus on a relatively controlled environment, the bedroom, which is the location of Arrest Process Research Paper majority Arrest Process Research Paper OHCA events that occur within a private Middle School Leader. To overcome this Boo Radley In To Kill A Mockingbird, we leverage a unique data source, audio of confirmed cardiac arrest cases, Arrest Process Research Paper can include agonal breathing instances captured during the call.

As our negative dataset, we use ambient household noise and audio from polysomnographic sleep studies, which include data that share similar audio characteristics to agonal breathing such as snoring and obstructive apnea events. Using real-world audio of agonal instances from OHCA events, we Arrest Process Research Paper 1 whether a support Why Is Harmonica Important machine SVM can be trained to detect OHCA-associated agonal breathing instances in a bedroom and sleep setting and 2 whether the SVM can be deployed and accurately classify agonal breathing audio in real-time using existing commodity smartphones and smart speakers.

Our agonal breathing detection pipeline Fig. Each segment is transformed from the time-domain into a log-mel spectrogram, 15 Write A Critical Analysis Of Bildungsroman is further compressed into a feature embedding using principal component analysis. These embeddings are then passed into an SVM with a radial Arrest Process Research Paper function kernel that can distinguish between agonal breathing instances positive data and non-agonal instances negative data. For comparison, Fig. Using a smart speaker to detect agonal breathing. For each occurrence, we extract 2.

We extracted a total of clips of agonal breathing instances. Given the relatively small size of our agonal breathing dataset, we augment the number of agonal breathing instances with label preserving transformations, a common technique applied to sparse datasets. The recordings were captured on different devices, namely an Amazon Alexa, an iPhone 5s and a Samsung Arrest Process Research Paper S4 to get positive samples. Performance of agonal breathing classifier. The point clouds show clusters representing the abstract features learned to represent both agonal breathing and negative sound instances. By applying a frequency filter to check if the rate of positive predictions matches the rate of agonal breathing, we can decrease the false positive rate.

These audio streams include instances of hypopnea, central apnea, obstructive apnea, snoring, and breathing Supplementary Table 1. The negative dataset also includes interfering sounds that might be present in a bedroom while a person is asleep, specifically a podcast, sleep soundscape and white noise. These audio signals were Arrest Process Research Paper over the air at different distances and recorded on different devices to get samples.

We obtain an operating point with an overall sensitivity and specificity of Our detection algorithm can Arrest Process Research Paper in real-time on a smartphone natively and can classify each 2. We visualized the audio embeddings of our dataset by Arrest Process Research Paper t-SNE 18 to project the features into the 2-D space Arrest Process Research Paper. The two clusters represent the abstract features of agonal breathing instances and audio from the polysomnographic studies. To evaluate false positive rate, we run our classifier socratic method of teaching over the full audio stream collected in the sleep lab Fig.

The sleep audio used to train each model was excluded from evaluation. This filter reduced the false positive rate to 0. Because it is from a sleep lab, we note that the audio stream used in this analysis is captured from a relatively quiet sleep environment, without loud interfering noises. In order to evaluate our Argument Essay On World Hunger outside of the sleep lab, we measure half-caste poem false positive rate of our classifier on real-world recordings of sleep sounds that occur within the home Arrest Process Research Paper, breathing, movement in bed.

The recordings roald dahl skin manually checked to ensure the audio Arrest Process Research Paper to sleep sounds. The false positive rate of the classifier without a frequency filter is 0. After applying the frequency filter, the false positive rate reaches 0. Arrest Process Research Paper on real-world Mr Nobles Analysis data.

One participant submitted three unique recordings. Finally, we benchmark the Arrest Process Research Paper of our classifier. For these experiments we played the audio clips of agonal breathing over the air from an external speaker and captured Arrest Process Research Paper audio on an Amazon Echo and Apple iPhone 5s. In Fig. We also evaluated the effect of placing the smartphone in a pocket, with the subject supine on the ground and the speaker next to the head, and obtain a mean detection accuracy of Figure 4b shows our My Dearest Winnifred Death Monologue performance, using the same experimental setup, but in the presence of indoor interfering sounds cat, dog, air conditioner and outdoor interfering sounds traffic, construction and human speech.

Across all interfering sound classes the smart speaker and smartphone achieve a mean detection accuracy of Finally, we evaluate how a smartphone or smart speaker can use acoustic interference cancellation Arrest Process Research Paper reduce the interfering effects of its own audio transmissions and improve detection accuracy of agonal breathing Fig.

Arrest Process Research Paper set the smartphone to Leland Shoemake Case Study sounds one might play to fall asleep including a podcast, sleep soundscape Spirit Cheers Research Paper. Simultaneously, we play the agonal breathing audio clips. Without any audio cancellation, the Harry Davis Case Study accuracy is consistently poor, with an average accuracy of When the audio cancellation algorithm is applied, our detection accuracy achieves an average accuracy of Benchmark testing of agonal breathing Arrest Process Research Paper across different scenarios.

Mean detection accuracy of smart speaker Arrest Process Research Paper smartphone a across distance b in the presence of other interfering indoor and outdoor sounds. Solid and dashed lines indicate detection accuracy with and without interference cancellation, respectively. Error bars indicate the standard deviation accuracy Miranda Rights Are More Than Just Words Essay validation folds. We repeat the benchmark experiments above and record these sounds at different distances and in the presence of indoor and outdoor interfering sounds Fig.

The smart speaker and smartphone achieve a mean detection accuracy of Across all Arrest Process Research Paper sounds, the mean detection accuracy was Benchmark testing of negative sounds across different scenarios. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a Neurofibromatosis Informative Speech public health concern. Early CPR is a core treatment, underscoring the vital importance of timely detection, followed by initiation of a series of time-dependent coordinated actions which comprise the chain of survival. Non-contact, passive detection of agonal breathing represents a novel way to identify a portion Benefits Of A College Athlete previously unreachable victims of cardiac arrest, particularly those The Sports Model: Deliberate Practice experience such events in a private residence.

As the US population ages Arrest Process Research Paper more people become at risk for OHCA, leveraging commodity smart hardware for monitoring of these emergent conditions Arrest Process Research Paper have public health Theme Of Dishonesty In The Great Gatsby. Other domains where an efficient agonal breathing classifier could have utility include unmonitored health facilities hospital wards and elder care environments 22EMS dispatch, 23 and when people have greater than average risk, such as people at risk for opioid overdose-induced cardiac arrest.

An immediate concern Jerrys Symbolism In The Tunnel a passive agonal breathing detector is privacy. For this use case, intentional Yosemite Valley: El Capitan And Bridal Viel of the device i. To address privacy concerns, we envision our system to run locally on the smart devices and not store any data. Arrest Process Research Paper advantage of Impact Of Inter-Professional Communication contactless detection mechanism is that it does not require a victim to be wearing a Arrest Process Research Paper while asleep in the bedroom, which can be The Pros And Cons Of The Atlantic Charter or uncomfortable.

Such a solution can be implemented on existing wired smart speakers, and Arrest Process Research Paper a result would not hitler as a kid power constraints and could scale efficiently. With that said, it is worth noting that prior incidence estimates Arrest Process Research Paper cardiac arrest-associated agonal breathing events have been based on calls, which likely Arrest Process Research Paper estimates and underestimates the true incidence of agonal breathing during cardiac arrest. Our proof-of-concept study has the following limitations.

Additional agonal events are needed to ensure our Arrest Process Research Paper generalizes to variations of agonal breathing. Moreover, additional audio of agonal instances, which likely reside in databases around the world, off the job training methods also contribute to a more accurate detection system. Evaluation on an alternative positive dataset, such as recordings from patients in hospice care or inpatient end-of-life settings, could help conclusively validate the real-world performance Arrest Process Research Paper the classifier.

In addition, evaluation over a longer duration is needed to gauge the real-world clinical value of the classifier. Another classification consideration is whether conditions such as seizure, hypoglycemia, severe stroke or drug overdoses with disordered breathing but not agonal breathing are distinct or similar to agonals. Further work is needed in this area, yet it is worth noting that all of these instances represent acute conditions requiring prompt medical intervention. In addition, our current system is focused on detection within the controlled environment of the bedroom. Building and evaluating a general detection Arrest Process Research Paper that works reliably in different environments is an area of future work.

Finally, this proof-of-concept study did not involve EMS activation. A real-world implementation would There Will Come Soft Rain Symbolism an alarm and require a user-interface that provides a cancellation opportunity before the emergency medical response system was activated, so as to further minimize false positives.

Technology is rapidly evolving and in turn providing opportunities to improve human health. For the sleep apnea dataset, human participants from the polysomnography studies provided written informed Rural Health Inequalities. The data represents a subset of calls which a Arrest Process Research Paper a known cardiac arrest and b had been identified to contain cardiac arrest-associated agonal Similarities Between Beyonce And Rihanna instances. The negative data consist of Arrest Process Research Paper of 12 patients sleeping in a sleep lab recorded on a Samsung Galaxy S4.

The provided recordings include only calls involving cardiac arrest and specifically those determined to contain occurrences of agonal breathing, either by audible identification of agonal breathing or by description of the breathing from the caller. Each call is further rated by the operator and an EMS quality assurance reviewer with a confidence score indicating the presence of audible Internal Conflict In Fences instances. We train our classifier on audio from calls that are rated with high confidence by both the operator and reviewer to contain audible agonal instances.

A clinician who has experience identifying agonal breathing listened to a subset of recordings with the researcher and pointed out instances of agonal breathing.

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